Grammar

You can learn helpful tips about Turkish Grammar on this page. We all know that learning only grammar can be boring. New techniques focus on different methods without grammar teaching. However, learning grammar will help you a lot. We are grown ups and we have a higher mental capacity than children. Using grammar knowledge effectively make a great amount of progression. Thus, learning grammar shouldn’t be underestimated.

Lesson Topics:

Each topic has its short summary below. To see detailed, click on the title.

Cases

♦ What is a ‘case’?
♦ Buffer-letter
♦ The absolute form
♦ Accusative
♦ Genitive
♦ Dative
♦ Locative
♦ Ablative (also its etymology)

Consonant Alternation

♦ ‘K’ to ‘G’
♦ Proper nouns
♦ Exceptions in the written language
♦ P,ç,t > b,c,d

Loanwords in the Turkish Language

♦ Etymology of ‘coffee’.
♦ French and Italian loanwords in Turkish
♦ ‘Muharebe’ (eng. War), ‘Kitap’ (eng. Book), ‘Zan’ (eng. Doubt)
♦ Recent loanwords

Possessive Determiners (Personal Suffixes)

♦ Benim, senin, onun, bizim, sizin, onların
♦ Food: sarma, dolma
♦ The absolute form
♦ Words indicating nationality
♦ Exceptions

Postpositions, Circumpositions and Prepositions

♦ İçinde, içerisinde (in)
♦ Üzere, nezdinde, içerisinde
♦ Üstünde (on)
♦ Yan, alt, dış (side, under, out)
♦ Ara, üst, orta
♦ Bu yana, dolayı, sonra etc.
♦ Esnasında, zarfında etc.

Apostrophe and Circumflex Accent

♦ “Kesme işareti” (‘) (apostrophe)
♦ How to say ‘what’s up’?
♦ Capital letter rules
♦ The Circumflex Accent
♦ â (şapkalı a) and how to type it.

The Turkish Alphabet

♦ List of 29 letters
♦ <Ü, İ, Ö, Ç, Ğ, Ş>
♦ Some history
♦ Changes in loanwords
♦ TDK (turkish language society)

Vowel Harmony

♦ Def. of vowel harmony
♦ Agglutinative languages
♦ Rule 1: minor vowel harmony
♦ Rule 2: major vowel harmony
♦ Examples and tips

Vowels

♦ Vowels
♦ Back and front
♦ Rounded and unrounded
♦ Soft g (eng. yumuşak g)

Verbs I (to be)

♦ Olmak ya da olmamak
♦ “to be”
♦ Negative form
♦ The past form of “to be”
♦ Hayatta en hakiki mürşit ilimdir.
♦ Conditional of to be
♦ Inferential of to be
♦ Değil