Possessive Determiners

In English, possessive determiners attribute possession to the objects. Some of them: Their, my, your etc. In Turkish, there are equivalents of these determiners too, which are listed below. However, to indicate possession, personal suffixes are more frequently used. Using both the determiner and the suffix indicates emphasis on the possession.

Turkish Possesive Determiners

English Turkish
My Benim
Your Senin
His / Her / Its Onun
Their Onların
Your (plural) Sizin
Our Bizim

 

As you might guess, personal suffixes follow the vowel harmony rules.

Turkish Possesive Determiners – Examples:

Benim arabam kırmızı
My car is red

Senin kaç tane çocuğun var
How many children do you have

Onların evine gittim
I went to their house

For the plurals, the same rules apply. Personal suffixes are attached after the plural suffix (-ler/lar)

Plural Possesive Determiners – Examples:

İnsanlar
Human-beings

İnsanlar+ın
Their (Human-beings’)

Onlar
They

Onların
Their

Turkish Possesive Determiners Table

Kalem Kitap
Kalemim Kitabım
Kalemin Kitabın
Kalemi Kitabı
Kalemimiz Kitabımız
Kaleminiz Kitabınız
Kalemi Kitabı

 

The word ‘kitap’ in the second column is chosen on purpose. ‘p’ goes to ‘b’ in some situations because of consonant mutation phenomena.

One thing should be emphasized here: The suffix of plural for the third person never repeats itself.

Çocukları
His/her/its children

Çocukları
Their children

“Çocuklarları” is a significant cacophony.

1. In Turkish, some nouns and adjectives can be converted into an invocation by adding the first person singular suffix.

2. When specifying the noun, you must add the third-person suffix to the noun. Nevertheless, some time-honored food names have dropped the third-person suffix. (eg. ‘yaprak sarması’ becomes ‘yaprak sarma’)

Nationalities

Most of the words indicating nationality can be formed by adding a suffix (-li -lı). Some nationalities, however, have their own words.

Azerbaycan
Azerbaijan

Azerbaycanlı
Azerbaijani

Danimarka
Denmark

Danimarkalı
Danish

Exceptions to this rule:

İtalyan
talian

İngiliz
English

Amerikan
American

Alman
German

Çek
Czech

In daily life, you may hear “Amerikalı” which has the same meaning as “American”.