Turkish Future Tense

To form Future tense I -ecek or – acak is attached to the verb if the verb ends with a consonant (yap, g├Âr, se├ž). If the the verb ends with a vowel, “y” comes to prevent vowel repetition; -yecek, -yacak is attached according to the minor/major vowel harmonies. (Check out the vowel harmony video if you don’t know) It is very simple!


Turkish Future Tense – Examples:

se├ž-ecek
S/he will choose

al-acak
S/he will buy or take

gidece─čiz
We will go

kesiceksiniz
You (pl) ll cut

A tiny detail here! if the verb-stem ends with e or a, e becomes i; a becomes ─▒ in daily speech.

Future Tense in Turkish – Examples:

ya┼ča(y)acak < ya┼č─▒yacak.
─░zmir’de ya┼č─▒yorum
I live in Izmir

Terle(y)ecek < terliyecek.
Kumsalda terliyeceksiniz.
You (pl) ll sweat at the beach

The function of Turkish future tense is almost the same of the English future tense. To describe what is going to happen or to express an action that has not happened yet, the future tense is used. Planned or not, no distinction between them in Turkish.

Future Tense – Example:

Yar─▒n Mersin’e gide─čim
I’ll go to Mersin tomorrow

Yar─▒n Mersin’e gidecek
S/he’ll go to Mersin tomorrow

Yar─▒n Mersin’e gideceksin
You’ll go to Mersin tomorrow

When formed for the second plural and singular person, then it might be implied an imperative, even in an impolite way. It depends on how the speaker says it. Watch Imperative video if you want to learn more.

Future Tense in Turkish – Examples:

Yar─▒n ─░zmir’e gideceksin.
You’ll go to Mersin even if you dont want to.

Bu raporlar─▒ ak┼čamdan ├Ânce teslim edeceksiniz.
You’ll hand these reports in before the evening

Turkish Future Tense Conjugations

SINGULAR

Ben Sen O
VERB+ (y)ece─čim (y)eceksin (y)ecek
oku- okuyaca─č─▒m okuyacaks─▒n okuyacak
kal- kalaca─č─▒m kalacaks─▒n kalacak
i├ž- i├žece─čim i├žeceksin i├žecek

PLURAL

Biz Siz Onlar
VERB+ (y)ece─čiz (y)eceksiniz (y)ecekler
oku- okuyaca─č─▒z okuyacaks─▒n─▒z okuyacaklar
kal- kalaca─č─▒z kalacaks─▒n─▒z kalacaklar
i├ž- i├žece─čiz i├žeceksiniz i├žecekler

Future Tense – Examples

├ľdevlerimi yapaca─č─▒m
I’ll do my homework

Yaz
Summer

Yazl─▒k
Summer house / Summer clothes

Yar─▒n yazl─▒kta kalaca─č─▒m
I’ll stay at the summer house tomorrow

As you can see on the table, k becomes ─č for the singular and plural first pronoun. This mutation occurs simply because it is easier for Turks to eliminate the sound of “k” and instead lengthen the previous vowel. Moreover, this phonetic phenomenon is well described by Jacob Grimm with Grimm’s law.The consonant shift in Turkish and the shift explained by Grimm have slight differences in the sense of being an evolutionary change yet they have the same regular correspondence.


Future in Past Tense in Turkish (was about to)

Turkish future past can be translated as ‘was about to’ or ‘was going to’ into English. The pattern is explained on the table.

SINGULAR

Ben Sen O
VERB+ (y)ecektim (y)ecektin (y)ecekti
oku- okuyacakt─▒m okuyacakt─▒n okuyacakt─▒
kal- kalacakt─▒m kalacakt─▒n kalacakt─▒
i├ž- i├žecektim i├žecektin i├žecekti

Future in Past Tense – Examples

Biraz daha fazla y├╝zecektim
I was about to swim more
I was going to swim more

Ben de tam eve gidecektim
I was just about to go home

Fazla i├žecektik
We were about to drink more

Let’s see the future past for plural pronouns:

PLURAL

Biz Siz Onlar
VERB+ (y)ecektik (y)ecektiniz (y)ecektiler
oku- okuyacakt─▒k okuyacakt─▒n─▒z okuyacakt─▒lar
kal- kalacakt─▒k kalacakt─▒n─▒z kalacakt─▒lar
i├ž- i├žecektik i├žecektiniz i├žecektiler

Future in past tense Turkish – Example:

├ľdevlerinizi yapacakt─▒n─▒z
You were going to do your homework

Yazl─▒─ča gidecektiler
They were about to go to the summer house

Kalacakt─▒lar, n’oldu?
They were about to stay, what happened?

Check out the Future in the Past video if you want to study with the pronunciations.

 

(Ancient) Turkish Future Form

>The use of the Future Tense II is very limited in modern Turkish. In daily life, you may still hear from old people but if a young person uses it, probably it is a joke. Yet it is still helpful to have an idea about the use because, in the Turkish televisions, it is commonly used as a part of the humor.Today, Future II is used to curse something or someone.

(Ancient) Turkish Future – Examples:

Soyu sopu kuruyas─▒ca
lit. (Wish) your breed would dry

G├╝n y├╝z├╝ g├Âremeyesice
(Wish) you wont see day light

These are the most popular ones. They are called beddua (malediction) and are given here for you to have an idea about the structure. Do not use them!