Turkish Prepositions: with Examples [STEP-BY-STEP]

If you want to learn Turkish prepositions, first you must be sure that what is a preposition in your native language. LetÔÇÖs review what prepositions are with a couple of sentences:

First, itÔÇÖs called preposition, it must be placed in front of nouns or pronouns.

What do prepositions do?

They show the relation between both sides in a sentence. For instance:

The computer is on the table.

Right, computer is on the table, shows a relation between these two thing. LetÔÇÖs translate it into Turkish:

Bilgisayar masan─▒n ├╝st├╝nde

The Turkish preposition is at the end of the sentence. Would you still call it a preposition? Or What would you call it?

Most people still call it preposition. In Turkish, preposition is called ÔÇśedatÔÇÖ.

 

Many Turkish grammar books categorize them like prepositions of direction, preposition of place etc. But I think you can guess which one indicates place or direction if you know what the word means. So, I don’t want make it more complicated with these categories and go on with the basics.

Prepositions also have close relatives: Postpositions. No need to say, they never get along well with each other. Prepositions go in front of words and pronouns but postpositions go after. Let me show you a postposition:

6 months ago

6 ay ├Ânce

Postposition goes after a noun or pronoun. Very similar to Turkish prepositions. Oh, maybe you should call them Turkish postpositions instead of Turkish prepositions.

Yeah maybe. But letÔÇÖs leave these boring terms and dive into the real Turkish:

Turkish prepositions and English prepositions

Turkish case suffixes can perform the function of some English prepositions to some degree. For example, the ablative case (-den & -dan) indicate the point of deperture and also comparison when attechted to the point of reference. However, most of the prepositions are single words.

What should you get from this  paragraph?

Some Turkish case suffixes give the same meaning of English preposition. Instead of using a new word (preposition/postposition), you add a suffix in Turkish. No big surprise! Remember Turkish is an agglutinative language?

Let me show you how:

Evde
At home

Mahallede
In the vicinity

These two examples show how locative case suffix gives the same meaning of a preposition.

Evden
From home

Mahalleden
From vicinity

And these examples show how ablative suffixes gives the same meaning of a preposition.

But, suffixes donÔÇÖt work all the time.

You need some Turkish prepositions or Turkish postpositions, whatever you call.

Turkish Prepositions Examples:

In
i├žinde, i├žerisinde

At
├╝zere, nezdinde, i├žerisinde

On
├╝st├╝nde

These are the most popular ones.

The pen is on the table
Kalem masan─▒n ├╝zerinde

The cat is in the box
Kedi kutunun i├žinde OR Kedi kutunun i├žerisinde

We are at the Kampus
Kamp├╝sdeyiz OR Kamp├╝s i├žerisindeyiz.

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The location in the word “kamp├╝steyiz” is given by locative case.

Common Turkish Prepositions

Yan
Side

Yan─▒nda
Beside, next to, nearby

Yan─▒mda kal.
Stay next to me. OR stay with me.

Alt
Bottom

Arabalar─▒n alt─▒na bile bakt─▒lar.
They even checked the bottom of the cars.

D─▒┼č
Exterior, out

├ťlke s─▒n─▒rlar─▒n─▒n d─▒┼č─▒nda
Outside the country boundries

Ara
Interval

Aras─▒
Between

The rest of the article will cover prepositions having the same kind of patterns and use them in example sentences.

Mesapotamia. F─▒rat ve Dicle nehirleri aras─▒nda.

e.g. Dicle ile F─▒rat nehirlerinin aras─▒nda kalan b├Âlgeye Mezopotamya denir.
The area between the Tigris & Euphrates is called Mesopotamia.

Superstition using prepositions!

e.g. Ayn─▒ isimli iki ki┼činin aras─▒nda dilek tutarsan kabul olur.

It is a common supersition that if you make a wish between two people with the same name, your wish comes true. I could find a similar superstition In Ukraine, but couldn’t find anything about the origins

├ťst
top

├ťst├╝nde
on

Masan─▒n ├╝st├╝ndeki vazo k─▒r─▒ld─▒.
the vase on the table has broken

Orta
middle

Ortas─▒nda
in the middle

Ortadaki ┼či┼čeyi al.
take the bottle in the middle

Bu yana
since

Oturma odas─▒ndaki e┼čyalar ├žocuklu─čumdan bu yana ayn─▒lar.
The furnishes in the living have been the same since my childhood.

Sonra
after

T├╝rkler ak┼čam yeme─činden sonra genellikle ├žay i├žerler.
the Turkish generally drink tea after dinner

Attention: ‘sonra’ and ‘bu yana’ are used following the ablative case. (yeme─čin-den sonra; ├žocuklu─čum-dan bu yana)
daha ├Ânce OR ├Ânce (before)

Daha ├Ânce bahsi ge├žmi┼čti ancak hi├ž umursamad─▒m.
It has been mentioned before but i didnt care any.

Dolay─▒, ├Ât├╝r├╝*, y├╝z├╝nden
because of OR due to.

*’├Ât├╝r├╝’ might be considered as provincialism.

K├Ât├╝ hava nedeniyle b├╝t├╝n u├žu┼člar iptal edildi.
all flights are cancelled because of bad weather

B├╝t├╝n umudunu kontrol edilemeyen endi┼čeleri ve anksiyetesi y├╝z├╝nden kaybetti.
He has lost all his hope due to his uncontrollable concerns and severe anxiety.)

Attention: u├ž-mak => to fly; u├žak => plane, u├ž-u┼č =>flight, u├ž-u┼č-lar => flights

Sayesinde
thanks to he/she/it

Sayende
thanks to you

Sayenizde
thanks to you**

Sayemizde
thanks to us

**plural or formal

Senin sayende bu s─▒nav─▒ ge├žebildim.
I could pass this exam thanks to you.

Sayemizde bu g├╝zel ┼čartlarda ya┼č─▒yorsun.
You are living in this nice conditions thanks to us.

Nanoteknoloji sayesinde h─▒zl─▒ geli┼čmeler g├Âzlenmektedir.
Rapid developments are observed thanks to nanotechnology.

Zarf─▒nda
during & while

Bu s├╝re zarf─▒nda, siz de evrak i┼člerini halledin l├╝tfen.
During this time, you deal with the paper work please.

Esnas─▒nda
in the course of

Amerika Birle┼čik Devletlerindeki bir├žok ki┼či 2007 ekonomik krizi esnas─▒nda, bankalara bor├žlu olduklar─▒ paray─▒ ├Âdeyemediler.
In the course of 2007 financial crisis, many people in the US couldn’t pay what they owe to the banks

List of Turkish Prepositions:

English Turkish
In -de/da or ─░├žinde
On -de/da or ├ťzerinde
At -de/da or ├ťzerinde
Under Alt─▒nda
Between Aras─▒nda
Over ├ťzerinde
Without -siz/s─▒z/suz/s├╝z
Because of Dolay─▒s─▒yla/Y├╝z├╝nden
Next to Yan─▒nda/Biti┼či─činde
On top ├ťzerinde
Opposite Kar┼č─▒s─▒nda
During Esnas─▒nda
Since -den bu yana
Down Alt─▒nda
Via Arac─▒l─▒─č─▒yla
Within ─░├žinde/B├╝nyesinde
Beneath Alt─▒nda
Around Etraf─▒nda
Among Aralar─▒nda
Towards Kar┼č─▒

 

Turkish Prepositions – Quiz

Test your knowledge with this quiz.

C├╝zdan─▒m─▒ ev__ unutmu┼čum. Bunlar─▒ sen ─▒smarlayabilir misin?
Which preposition is used in the following sentence:

Araban─▒n i├žinde bir k├Âpek var.


Choose the incorrect sentence about the photo:
Arjantin G├╝ney Amerika'___. Uruguay Arjantin'in hemen ______.
This question is for measuring your vocabulary and general comprension.

Choose the image which is most relevant to the following sentence:

Bu sefer sunum yaparken hi├ž heyecanlanmad─▒m.
Antalya T├╝rkiye'__ bir ┼čehirdir.
Sa├žlar─▒m─▒z kafam─▒n─▒z__ ├ž─▒kar. G├Âzlerimizin ______ ka┼člar─▒m─▒z vard─▒r.
Please choose the correct preposition(s):

─░stanbul Bizans ─░mparatorlu─čun'________ ├žok ├Ânemli bir ┼čehir olagelmi┼čtir.
Fill in the blanks.

Anahtarlar─▒m─▒ _______ unutmu┼čum.
en. I forgot my keys in the car

(You'll type only one word)
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