In English, possessive determiners attribute possession to the objects. Some of them: Their, my, your etc. In Turkish, there are equivalents of these determiners too, which are listed below. However, to indicate possession, personal suffixes are more frequently used. Using both the determiner and the suffix indicates emphasis on the possession.
Turkish Possesive Determiners
|His / Her / Its||Onun|
As you might guess, personal suffixes follow the vowel harmony rules.
Turkish Possesive Determiners – Examples:
Benim arabam kırmızı
My car is red
Senin kaç tane çocuğun var
How many children do you have
Onların evine gittim
I went to their house
For the plurals, the same rules apply. Personal suffixes are attached after the plural suffix (-ler/lar)
Plural Possesive Determiners – Examples:
Turkish Possesive Determiners Table
The word ‘kitap’ in the second column is chosen on purpose. ‘p’ goes to ‘b’ in some situations because of consonant mutation phenomena.
One thing should be emphasized here: The suffix of plural for the third person never repeats itself.
“Çocuklarları” is a significant cacophony.
1. In Turkish, some nouns and adjectives can be converted into an invocation by adding the first person singular suffix.
2. When specifying the noun, you must add the third-person suffix to the noun. Nevertheless, some time-honored food names have dropped the third-person suffix. (eg. ‘yaprak sarması’ becomes ‘yaprak sarma’)
Most of the words indicating nationality can be formed by adding a suffix (-li -lı). Some nationalities, however, have their own words.
Exceptions to this rule:
In daily life, you may hear “Amerikalı” which has the same meaning as “American”.