Possessive Determiners: Examples [STEP-BY-STEP]

Let’s be sure what is a possessive determiner:

Possessive determiners attribute possession to the objects. Some of them: Their, my, your etc.

In Turkish, there are equivalents of these determiners too. They are listed for you below. But when indicating possession, natives prefer using the suffixes of personal pronouns. They usually don’t use the possessive determiners. If you both use the possessive determiner and the personal pronoun suffix, it means an emphasis on the possession.

 

Turkish Possesive Determiners

English Turkish
My Benim
Your Senin
His / Her / Its Onun
Their Onların
Your (plural) Sizin
Our Bizim

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As you might guess, personal suffixes follow the vowel harmony rules. (Almost everything in Turkish grammar follows those rules!)

Turkish Possesive Determiners – Examples:

Benim arabam kırmızı
My car is red

Senin kaç tane çocuğun var
How many children do you have

Onların evine gittim
I went to their house

For the plurals, the same rules apply. You attach the personal suffixes after the plural suffix (-ler/lar)

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Plural Possesive Determiners – Examples:

İnsanlar
Human-beings

İnsanlar+ın
Their (Human-beings’)

Onlar
They

Onların
Their

Turkish Possesive Determiners Table

Kalem Kitap
Kalemim Kitabım
Kalemin Kitabın
Kalemi Kitabı
Kalemimiz Kitabımız
Kaleminiz Kitabınız
Kalemi Kitabı

 

I choose the word ‘kitap’ in the second column on purpose. ‘p’ goes to ‘b’ because of consonant mutation phenomena. Watch the Consonant Harmony video if you don’t know or don’t remember.

One thing should be emphasized here: The suffix of the plural for the third person never repeats itself.

Çocukları
His/her/its children

Çocukları
Their children

“Çocuklarları” is a significant cacophony.

1. In Turkish, some nouns and adjectives can be converted into an invocation by adding the first person singular suffix.

2. When specifying the noun, you must add the third-person suffix to the noun. Nevertheless, some time-honored food names have dropped the third-person suffix. (eg. ‘yaprak sarması‘ becomes ‘yaprak sarma‘)

Nationalities

You can form the words to indicate nationalities by adding (-li -lı). But some words of nationalities have their own words.

Azerbaycan
Azerbaijan

Azerbaycanlı
Azerbaijani

Danimarka
Denmark

Danimarkalı
Danish

Exceptions to this rule:

İtalyan
talian

İngiliz
English

Amerikan
American

Alman
German

Çek
Czech

In daily life, you may hear “Amerikalı” which has the same meaning with “Amerikan”.

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At the end of the course, you will be able to have actual conversations with your Turkish neighbour, watch Turkish TV shows, or pass B1 level in official exams.

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